Monday, May 12, 2014

Monday's Matter: FHE This Day In History

At our home, and millions of others around the globe, Monday nights are reserved for families.  A Family Home Evening (FHE)!

The Aussie and I love history.  We love to go to museums and to read and learn about the past.  I have a particular fondness for the history surrounding the American Revolutionary War and the birth of America. 

 Learning about history is a great way to spend a Family Home Evening!



Did you know that On This Day In History (check out the link for daily historical news) the American troops suffered the worst defeat of the Revolutionary war at Charleston?

After a siege that began on April 2, 1780, Americans suffer their worst defeat of the revolution on this day in 1780, with the unconditional surrender of Major General Benjamin Lincoln to British Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton and his army of 10,000 at Charleston, South Carolina.
With the victory, the British captured more than 3,000 Patriots and a great quantity of munitions and equipment, losing only 250 killed and wounded in the process. Confident of British control in the South, Lieutenant General Clinton sailed north to New York after the victory, having learned of an impending French expedition to the British-occupied northern state. He left General Charles Cornwallis in command of 8,300 British forces in the South.
South Carolina was a deeply divided state, and the British presence let loose the full violence of a civil war upon the population. First, the British used Loyalists to pacify the Patriot population; the Patriots returned the violence in kind. The guerrilla warfare strategies employed by Patriots Francis Marion, Thomas Sumter and Nathanael Greene throughout the Carolina campaign of 1780-81 eventually chased the far more numerous British force into Virginia, where they eventually surrendered at Yorktown on October 19, 1781.
Having suffered the humiliation of surrendering to the British at Charleston, Major General Lincoln was able to turn the tables and accept Cornwallis' ceremonial surrender to General George Washington at Yorktown on October 20.
Read or Watch and Discuss:
A talk given by Ezra Taft Benson  The Constitution - A Glorious Standard
"Yes, this is a land fertilized by the blood of patriots. During the struggle for independence, nearly 9,000 of the colonist forces were killed. Among those fifty-six patriots who had pledged their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor by signing the Declaration of Independence, at least nine paid that price with their life’s blood.
At the close of the Revolution, the thirteen states found themselves independent but then faced grave internal economic and political problems.
Washington wrote of the defects of this loose federation in these words: “The fabrick which took nine years, at the expense of much blood and treasure to rear, now totters to the foundation, and without support must soon fall.” (John C. Fitzpatrick, ed., Writings of George Washington,Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1939, 29:68.) Because of this crisis, fifty-five of the seventy-four appointed delegates reported to the convention, representing every state except Rhode Island, for the purpose of forming “a more perfect union.” Thirty-nine finally signed the Constitution."

Activity:

Play a game of Nine Men's Morris, HERE  is the skinny on this Colonial board game.
Take The Constitution Quiz!  You can take it online or print it out on paper
Play the Road to Revolution Game at PBS online
Or just watch your favorite movie that has something, Anything, to do with government any excuse to watch DAVE!

10 things to know about DAVE

{FHE doesn't have to be Perfect,

 It just has to BE!}



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